Australia is known as a sporting nation and encourages sports participation. There are currently no cardiac screening protocols or awareness initiatives in Australia to protect our youth participating in sporting activities, at any level, from Sudden Cardiac Death.

Young people who participate in regular sporting activities and who have an underlying yet undetected heart condition such as Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy (HCM) are three times more likely to succumb to Sudden Cardiac Death.

Italy with a population, three times the size of Australia has had mandatory, systematic pre-participation screening in place for youth competing in competitive sports for approximately 29 years. Studies show the incidence of Sudden Cardiac Death has been reduced by 89%

The European Society of Cardiology & International Olympic Committee recommends Cardiac screening for any young person taking part in competitive sports.

At the least very least screening should include:
• Personal Medical & Family History Questionnaire
• Physical Examination by a Doctor
• 12 Lead Electrocardiogram (ECG)

Sudden Cardiac Death in Sport - Lausanne Protocol
FIFA – Sudden Cardiac Death in Footballers Can be Prevented
FIFA - Pre-competition Assessments

The International Olympic Committee Consensus Statement regarding Cardiac Assessment for those regularly participating in training and athletic competitions. See page 6.

Pre-participation screening of young competitive athletes for prevention of sudden death:proposal for a commonEuropean protocol. Includes the Italian experience.

CRY–UK –Centre for Sports Cardiology.

CRY–UK – Cardiac Risk in Young People playing sport with underlying, undetected Cardiac conditions .

Screening Program yields Decline in Sudden Cardiac Death in Young Athletes

Heart Aid in Ireland provides mobile cardiac screening services to schools, clubs and organizations involved in sport.

Australian Awareness Website - Nye Keegan Sporting Hearts

Miami Heralad: Screening maybe the key to preventing.

Debates - ECG Screening to Prevent SCD from Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy.

Australian Government – Department of Health and Ageing is fully aware the prevalence of Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy – 1:500. That the condition is not rare and is considered to be the most common known genetic cardiovascular disease.

Cardiac Screening Questionnaire - Please note this may be useful for individuals, sporting clubs and schools to be completed prior to sports participation. It may assist to detect some symptoms however it is important to note many young people with undetected genetic cardiac conditions do not present with any symptoms prior to SCD - refer to Screening Section.

Campaign to Get Defibrillators into ALF Sporting Clubs - Victoria

America - The Huffington Post - Sudden Cardiac Arrest Kills Too Many Young Athletes(SCD in Young People - Australia is recognised as one of the top 5 links on the this subject)

Sports Heart Screening For Athletes

Championships Heart Foundation

American Heart Association - The AHA supports pre-participation cardiovascular screening for student athletes and other participants in organised competitive sports as justifiable, necessary and compelling on the basis of ethical, legal and medical grounds.

Legislation proposed in America to save sporting hearts.

Gable Hearts.

Heart Screening at Aston Villa

Why Young People Should Have Cardiac Screening

Sudden Cardiac Arrest Prevention Act Introduced in Pennsylvania

Teen Heart Bill Passed in USA

Stop Sudden Death.

Closer look at Sudden Death in Teen Athletes